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Civil Rights and Social Justice

This database covers civil rights in the United States as their legal protections and definitions are expanded to cover more and more Americans.

Additional Resources

American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD)

The American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD) is a convener, connector, and catalyst for change, increasing the political and economic power of people with disabilities. As a national cross-disability rights organization, AAPD advocates for full civil rights for the over 60 million Americans with disabilities by promoting equal opportunity, economic power, independent living, and political participation.

Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund (DREDF)

The Disability Rights Education and Defense Fund (DREDF), founded in 1979, is a leading national civil rights law and policy center directed by individuals with disabilities and parents who have children with disabilities.

Equal Rights Amendment

The Equal Rights Amendment is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution designed to guarantee equal legal rights for all American citizens regardless of sex. It seeks to end the legal distinctions between men and women in terms of divorce, property, employment, and other matters. First authored by Alice Paul (1885-1977) and introduced in Congress in 1923, the Alice Paul Institute continues to advocate, educate, and promote the Amendment's ratification.

Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights under Law

Formed in 1963, the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law works to secure equal justice for all through the rule of law, targeting in particular the inequities confronting African Americans and other racial and ethnic minorities. They marshal the resources of the private bar to obtain equal justice for minorities, and are also engaged in environmental justice, judicial nominations, the First Amendment rights of peaceful demonstrators and protestors, and the intersection of race and technology.

Leadership Conference on Civil & Human Rights

The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights is a coalition charged by its diverse membership of more than 200 national organizations to promote and protect the civil and human rights of all persons in the United States. Through advocacy and outreach to targeted constituencies, the Leadership Conference works toward the goal of a more open and just society – an America as good as its ideals. It was founded in 1950 and has coordinated national lobbying efforts on behalf of every major civil rights law since 1957.

NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)

Founded in 1909 in response to the ongoing violence against Black people around the country, the NAACP is the largest and most pre-eminent civil rights organization in the nation. Their mission is to secure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights in order to eliminate race-based discrimination and ensure the health and well-being of all persons.

NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.

The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. is America’s premier legal organization fighting for racial justice. Through litigation, advocacy, and public education, LDF seeks structural changes to expand democracy, eliminate disparities, and achieve racial justice in a society that fulfills the promise of equality for all Americans. LDF also defends the gains and protections won over the past 80 years of civil rights struggle and works to improve the quality and diversity of judicial and executive appointments.

National Urban League

Founded in 1910, the National Urban League is dedicated to economic empowerment, equality, and social justice. It collaborates at the national and local levels with community leaders, policymakers, and corporate partners to elevate the standards of living for African Americans and other historically underserved groups.

Civil and Human Rights Law Portal - Global

This portal from LLMC and sponsored by the Saint Louis University Vincent C. Immel Law Library collects documents, links to governmental and non-governmental organizations, research and educational resources and more on civil and human rights.

Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse

This portal from the University of Michigan Law School collects documents and information from civil rights cases across the United States. Organized by case category, it is available to scholars, teachers, students, policymakers, advocates, and the public to allow greater understanding of historical and contemporary American civil rights litigation.

Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles at UCLA

Originally founded in 1996 at Harvard University, the Civil Rights Project at UCLA has a mission to help renew the civil rights movement by bridging the worlds of idea and action, to be a preeminent source of intellectual capital within that movement, and to deepen the understanding of the issues that must be resolved to achieve racial and ethnic equity as society moves through the great transformation of the 21st century.

Diversity, Equity, Inclusion & Justice (DEIJ) Resources: DEIJ at Moritz College of Law

This libguide from the Moritz College of Law at the Ohio State University gathers materials and resources on diversity, equity, inclusion and justice in law schools, and is meant to serve as a resource for faculty, adjuncts, students, staff, and librarians.

Race, Racism, and Anti-Racism Resources

This libguide from Washington and Lee University library brings together resources on racism and violence against Black people in the United States, including avenues for campus and community action.

Right to Peaceful Assembly: United States

This legal research report from the Library of Congress provides a brief overview of the Constitutional provisions that protects Americans' right to peaceful assembly and how the Supreme Court has interpreted the limitations of these protections.

Social Justice Guide

This libguide from the Howard University School of Law was compiled for Howard University students and faculty as well as interested members of the public as an introduction to resources on the topics of (1) racial disparity, (2) racial diversity, (3) implicit bias and microaggression, (4) cultural sensitivity, and (5) protests.  It was designed as an annotated bibliography focused on selected resources with varying depth of treatment in books, articles (both scholarly and for broad readership), websites, blogs, short videos, and organizations.  Resources range from general introductory information to those more focused on law and legal professionals.

Civil Rights Movement

This article from HISTORY provides an overview of the Civil Rights Movement from Jim Crow south through the Fair Housing Act of 1968, with historical photographs of leaders and moments from the movement.

Disability History: The Disability Rights Movement

This article, part of the Telling All Americans' Stories series from the National Park Service, provides an overview of the disability rights movement in America.

Groups during the American Civil Rights Movement

This article, part of the American Experience series from PBS, provides brief overview of groups active in advocating for and opposing the American civil rights movement, including the Black Panthers, Congress of Racial Equality, the Ku Klux Klan, the Little Rock Nine, and the NAACP.

Leaders in the Struggle for Civil Rights

This biographical article from the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum provides an overview of the main leaders of the March on Washington in 1963.

Responses Coming from the Civil Rights Movement

This article, part of the American Experience series from PBS, provides an overview of the responses radiating through American society as a result of and in tandem with the civil rights movement, including oppositional response. Events covered include the Vietnam War, southern school opposition to integration, anti-freedom rider mobs,  and the striking of black sanitation workers in Memphis.

Women in the Civil Rights Movement

This essay from the Library of Congress, part of its Civil Rights History Project, includes highlights from the Project's collection of interviews with over 50 women who were involved in the Civil Rights Movement, including Gwendolyn Zeharah Simmons, Ekwueme Michael Thewell, and Ruby Nell Sales.